December 16, 2012
Governments Boycott the New Internet Rules of the ITU
The Week’s Negotiations
To understand how this all came about, we have to look back at previous two weeks’ fraught negotiations. Last week we posted about the approval of new standards that would allow for ‘deep packet inspection,’ or the ability to examine the content of Internet traffic. This caused some friction because of the clear potential to use these standards for surveillance and censorship. According to telecom industry news source Commsday, the head of the American delegation Ambassador Terry Kramer promised to veto any proposals that threatened content.
Then last Friday the proposal we’ve been worrying about was finally put forward by Russia, the United Arab Emirates, China, Algeria, Saudi Arabia and Sudan. The proposal—currently being referred to as RUCASS—requires changes to the ITU rules that would give governments new powers to regulate global telecommunications service providers such as Facebook and Twitter.
In the ensuing furor it seemed like the negotiations might implode. Commsday reported that U.S. representatives threatened to walk out of the negotiations if the proposal was considered, although Ambassador Kramer has since denied this. Egypt, one of the initial members of the RUCASS delegation, disowned the proposal and came out instead in favour of Internet freedom. Russia then withdrew the proposal, following pressure from the ITU Secretary General and the Chairman of the negotiations.
In an attempt to restore order, Access reports that Chairman Mohammad Al-Ghanim worked “with the heads of regional groups to draft a new consensus text based off the work of Committee 5, which may be the base treaty text for negotiation”. The Committee managed to suppress this negative proposal, but this also meant that the negotiations, already lacking in public input, were pushed behind another set of closed doors.
The ‘Internet Resolution’ and the Final Draft
The conflict centres around disagreement over the scope of the ITU’s powers, with the U.S. blocking the expansion of ITU power to include Internet content by avoiding any language that goes beyond the treaty’s initial scope. In comparison to the RUCASS proposal, the chairman’s decision to ‘take the temperature of the room’ over the ‘Internet resolution’ is a minor development, but it’s still concerning because it explicitly establishes “a role for the ITU as a forum for discussion of internet policy into the future”.
Canadian representatives voiced their opposition to an ITU-governed Internet, stating that “[t]he current multi-stakeholder, private sector–led model promotes innovation and the development of new digital industries”. They felt that “the final treaty text tabled in Dubai included provisions that threaten these freedoms.” Canada, along with the U.S., Britain, Norway and Australia refused to sign the final treaty. A list of countries who have signed the final text can be found here.
Please join people around the world to tell national representatives to stand against this resolution.
You can send an email to your government using the tool at ProtectInternetFreedom.net/Stand.